Karnes and Bean (2005) identify three types of gifted and talented student who benefit from mentoring over other forms of differentiation; the highly "gifted and talented," the low socioeconomic" and "the underachieving gifted student" the latter two fall into the twice exceptional category. Rogers (2002) defines highly "gifted and talented" as students ahead by two grade levels. Mentoring opportunities for the gifted and talented need to focus on areas of high interest and talent, and must not interfere with the student’s progress in other subjects, Rogers 2002.

Teachers serve as coordinators; they develop lessons, set goals and evaluate progress. Parents can help by coordinating mentoring relationships through friends, colleagues, and relatives they can trust and effectively monitor. There is an assortment of technology options available to connect mentees with their mentors, Karnes and Bean 2005. Student feedback helps teachers and parents assess mentoring effectiveness.

Online Sources:

Research Articles:
Bianco, M., Carothers, D. E., & Smiley, L. R. (2009). Gifted students with asperger syndrome. Intervention In School And Clinic, 44(4), 206-215.
Bisland, A. (2001). Mentoring: An educational alternative for gifted students. Gifted Child Today, 24(4), 22-25,64 Child Today, 26(4), 51-54.
Eckstein, M. (2009). Enrichment 2.0 gifted and talented education for the 21st century. Gifted Child Today, 32(1), 59-63.
Kanevsky, L. (2011). Deferential differentiation: What types of differentiation do students want. Gifted Child Quarterly, 55(4), 279-299.
Karnes, F. A. & Bean, S.M (2005). Methods and materials for teaching the gifted. Prufrock Press Inc. Waco, Texas. Olszewski-Kubilius, P. (2010). Special schools and other options for gifted STEM students. Roeper Review, 32(1), 61-70.
Pleiss, M. K., & Feldhusen, J. (1995). Mentors, role models, and heroes in the lives of gifted children. Educational Psychologist, 30, 159-169.
Reilly, J. M. (1992). Mentorship: The essential guide for schools and business.
Renzulli, J. S., & National Research Center on the Gifted and Talented, S. T. (1997). How to develop an authentic enrichment cluster. Rogers, K.B. (2002). Re-forming gifted education. Great Potential Press. Scottsdale, Az.
Siegle, D. (2003). Technology: Mentors on the net: extending learning through telementoring. Gifted Child Today, 26(4), 51-54.
Yamamoto, K. (1988). To see life grow: The meaning of mentorship. Theory Into Practice, 27(3), 183.

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