Deductive and Inductive Reasoning Strategies

Deductive Versus Inductive
Deductive Reasoning
Assumptions are made and pre- established rules are used to find solutions. Only Consequences, not the cause is observed. Known rules and principles are used to explain the consequence and a hypothesis is formed. Deductive reasoning is comprised of the following model;

If - Then - But - Therefore

Inductive Reasoning
An observation is explained in relation to the observers experience and a hypothesis is formed.

Online Sources

http://www.nakedscience.org/mrg/Deductive%20and%20Inductive%20Reasoning.htm
http://www.brightstorm.com/math/geometry/reasoning-diagonals-angles-and-parallel-lines/deductive-reasoning/
http://eideneurolearningblog.blogspot.com/2005/03/critical-thinking-inductive-and.html
http://dinosaurtheory.com/theory.html
http://www.gifted.uconn.edu/sem/semart10.html

Research Citations:

  • Ayalon, M., & Even, R. (2008). Deductive Reasoning: In the Eye of the Beholder. Educational Studies In Mathematics, 69(3), 235-247.
  • Hekimoglu, S. (2004). Conducting a Teaching Experiment with a Gifted Student. Journal Of Secondary Gifted Education, 16(1), 14-19.
  • Silverman, L. K. The visual-spatial learner. Preventing School Failure, 34(1), 15-20.
  • Krauss, D. A., Salame, I. I., & Goodwyn, L. N. (2010). Using Photographs as Case Studies to Promote Active Learning in Biology. Journal Of College Science Teaching, 40(1), 72-76.


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