Deductive and Inductive Reasoning Strategies

Deductive Versus Inductive
Deductive Reasoning
Assumptions are made and pre- established rules are used to find solutions. Only Consequences, not the cause is observed. Known rules and principles are used to explain the consequence and a hypothesis is formed. Deductive reasoning is comprised of the following model;

If - Then - But - Therefore

Inductive Reasoning
An observation is explained in relation to the observers experience and a hypothesis is formed.

Online Sources

Research Citations:

  • Ayalon, M., & Even, R. (2008). Deductive Reasoning: In the Eye of the Beholder. Educational Studies In Mathematics, 69(3), 235-247.
  • Hekimoglu, S. (2004). Conducting a Teaching Experiment with a Gifted Student. Journal Of Secondary Gifted Education, 16(1), 14-19.
  • Silverman, L. K. The visual-spatial learner. Preventing School Failure, 34(1), 15-20.
  • Krauss, D. A., Salame, I. I., & Goodwyn, L. N. (2010). Using Photographs as Case Studies to Promote Active Learning in Biology. Journal Of College Science Teaching, 40(1), 72-76.

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