Creative Thinking

Creative Problem Solving engages divergent and convergent processes

Divergent Thinking - involves brain storming; numerous ideas are proposed without judgment.

Convergent Thinking - provides reasons and cites proofs to support ideas or possible solutions.

See "Creative Problem Solving CPS" in the footer section under Lesson Development

Online Sources

Research Citations

Fletcher, T. (2011). Creative thinking in schools: finding the "just right" challenge for students. Gifted Child Today, 34(2), 37-42.
Hummell, L. (2006). Synectics for creative thinking in technology education. Technology Teacher, 66(3), 22-27.
Riley, T. L., & Karnes, F. A. (2005). Problem-solving competitions: just the solution!. Gifted Child Today, 28(4), 31-37.

Open Ended Divergent Thinking: Essential questions and creative thinking processes involve open ended thinking.

Research Citations

Kwon, O., Park, J., & Park, J. (2006). Cultivating divergent thinking in mathematics through an open-ended approach. Asia Pacific Education Review, 7(1), 51-61.

McKnight, A., & Mulligan, J. (2010). Teaching early mathematics "smarter not harder": using open-ended tasks to build models and construct patterns. Australian Primary Mathematics Classroom, 15(3), 4-9.

Ronsheim, M. L., Pregnall, A., Schwarz, J., Schlessman, M. A., & Raley-Susman, K. M. (2009). Teaching outside the can: a new approach to introductory biology. Bioscene: Journal Of College Biology Teaching, 35(1) 12-22.

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